Vanadium Co. Has Two-Pillar Technique and A number of Catalysts

January 17, 2023 ( Newswire) Along side the discharge of its third-quarter report, Largo Inc. reported file high-purity vanadium manufacturing. Learn extra to listen to what analysts are saying about this inventory and the a number of catalysts the corporate has set for the longer term.

This November, Largo Inc. (TSX:LGO;NASDAQ:LGO) introduced that it produced file high-purity vanadium manufacturing and accomplished battery stack manufacturing for its 6.1 MWh VCHARGE VRFB Deployment in Spain. Nonetheless, regardless of impacts incurred in the course of the quarter, the corporate continues to make strikes with thrilling development plans all through 2025.

Largo Inc. is a dual-listed vanadium producer and provider that produces 7% of the world’s vanadium provide.

The corporate does every thing to additional its mission to supply the world with low-carbon options and create worth via its distinctive vertical integration. That is finished via the corporate’s two-pillar technique based mostly on 1.) vanadium manufacturing from one of many highest grade and lowest value vanadium manufacturing services in Brazil and a couple of.) its vitality storage enterprise within the U.S. with one of many world’s most superior VRFB applied sciences.

Vanadium is a uncommon metallic found in Mexico in 1801. It’s a key transition metallic appropriate to be used in vitality storage and high-quality alloy functions. Roughly 90% of vanadium is at the moment used as a metal additive. It’s used within the hardening of area autos, nuclear reactors, and airplanes.

Nonetheless, extra excitingly, additionally it is utilized in producing vanadium electrolyte, which is utilized in Vanadium redox batteries. These batteries retailer vital quantities of renewable vitality from photo voltaic and wind energy. In response to an article within the Journal of Vacuum Science & Expertise B, Vanadium redox batteries are “essentially the most profitable Redox circulate batteries (RFB) for large-scale functions,” which can clarify their latest enhance in demand, notably in China.

On December 13, Pangang Group Vanadium & Titanium Assets Co., Ltd. introduced that the corporate’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Pangang Group Chengdu Vanadium & Titanium Assets Improvement Co., Ltd. and Dalian Rongke Energy Group Co., Ltd. not too long ago signed the “2023 Annual Framework Settlement on Vanadium Battery Power Storage Materials Cooperation” in Chengdu, Sichuan.

In response to the settlement, each events shall undertake the cooperative mode of buying and promoting ammonium polyvanadate uncooked supplies, with an estimated whole amount (changing to vanadium pentoxide) of 8,000 tons in 2023. If the agreements signed are all efficiently executed, the entire transaction quantity is predicted to be about RMB$1 billion (US$144 million) based mostly on the present market costs of vanadium merchandise.

This represents roughly 4% of 2022’s annualized world vanadium provide. Dalian Rongke Energy operates the world’s largest vanadium battery with a capability of 100 MW/400 MWh and plans to additional enhance its capability to 200 MW/800 MWh following a second section of growth.

Vanadium Demand Rising

Demand for low-carbon know-how has been rising worldwide. The World Financial institution Group report, “The Mineral Depth of the Clear Power Transition,” projected that demand for vanadium will rise by 189% by 2050. And it has caught the eye of consultants all through the previous 12 months.

In an April submit, Shovel Shares mentioned, ” Buyers, subsequently, ought to search for vanadium tasks with deposits that are both enormous, non-TVM, or each.”

The metallic can be fascinating from an ESG standpoint because it contains non-degrading, absolutely recyclable electrolyte and carbon-reducing metal alloying functions. But, there’s a deficit between present provide and demand.

Vanadium value spiked in 2018 to US$30 per pound, attributable to a deficit of 8-10 tonnes. Final 12 months, Roskill mentioned it expects “structural deficit and elevated costs to stay for a while, which ought to incentive a handful of recent tasks into manufacturing over the following decade. ” This is not simply due to sudden demand, however tasks can take as much as 5 years to start out manufacturing.

This pressure is exacerbated by the conflict in Ukraine, as 70% of the world’s vanadium provide is at the moment with Russia and China.

Supply: USGS Mineral Commodity Statistics and UN Comtrade through OECD.

As Simon Hilton of AG Chemi Group identified, “until the conflict ends quickly, producers, uncooked materials suppliers, and shoppers in all places should limit manufacturing, handle a shortfall in provide, or just do with out.”

That is the place Largo Inc. steps in as a producer exterior the everyday China-Russia sphere.

Largo is the Largest, Highest-Grade Main Producer

Whereas Largo solely produces 7% of the world’s vanadium, it’s the largest, highest-grade major producer globally and is considered one of solely two producers that provide HP to the aerospace trade.

In response to the corporate, it generates a wholesome working margin with money working prices of US$4.30 per pound (US$4.30/lb) in 2022 steering and rising vanadium costs. In late December, the worth of vanadium was US$8.95/lb. This has now risen virtually 10%, with the worth at US$9.83/lb.

Excessive-purity gross sales may add US$1-2 extra per pound for Largo’s HP vanadium.

The corporate runs on two strategic pillars.

  • Vanadium pillar: future vanadium operation expansions, ilmenite plant, titanium plant
  • Clear vitality pillar: supply of inaugural VRFB for Enel, exploring authorities subsidies, non-binding MOU to doubtlessly kind a JV with Ansaldo Energia

Largo additionally plans to provide ilmenite and titanium pigment from the identical mining stream it does vanadium, which is predicted to help in reducing the vanadium money prices as a co-product.

The corporate has additionally signed a non-binding MOU to barter the formation of a three way partnership with Ansaldo Inexperienced Tech to fabricate and deploy VRFBs within the European, African, and Center East energy technology markets.

In a November 11, 2022 notice, H.C. Wainwright analyst Heiko F. Ihle gave the corporate a Purchase score and a CA$19 goal value and mentioned, “In our view, a few of this worth is prone to floor within the near-term since market curiosity for clear vitality investments stays fairly excessive.”

Gordon Lawson et al. at Paradigm Capital additionally echoed this with its personal Purchase score on Largo and a CA$20 goal.

Q3/22 Highlights

Whereas essential for its distinctive placement as one of many world’s largest major vanadium producers, Largo has been making strikes these previous few months. In September of final 12 months, Largo’s new enterprise Largo Bodily Vanadium started buying and selling on the TSX Enterprise Trade beneath the ticker “VAND.” This enterprise gives traders with the chance to personal bodily vanadium themselves, which may enhance demand inside the vanadium market and help in Largo’s clear vitality technique. You may be taught extra about how vanadium will help in a greener future right here.

On the time of the itemizing, Largo President and CEO Paulo Misk mentioned, “With this enhanced visibility on the TSXV, LPV will do its half to lift the profile of vanadium — a key inexperienced transition metallic central to wash vitality storage and greener metal.”

Then in October, the corporate launched experiences for its third quarter of 2022. Highlights of the third quarter included:

  • V2O5 manufacturing of two,906 tonnes (6.4 million lbs) versus 3,260 tonnes produced in Q3 2021; Decrease quarterly manufacturing as a consequence of a deliberate kiln and cooler refractory refurbishment and a change of mining contractor, however was consistent with the corporate’s revised manufacturing steering.
  • File excessive purity V2O5 equal manufacturing of 962 tonnes, representing 33% of the corporate’s Q3 2022 manufacturing.
  • V2O5 equal gross sales of two,796 tonnes (inclusive of 351 tonnes of bought materials) versus 2,685 tonnes bought in Q3 2021; Largo accomplished the primary high-purity V2O3 sale in Europe in Q3 2022.
  • Common benchmark value per pound of V2O5 in Europe of US$8.23, a 12% lower from the typical of US$9.40 in Q3 2021; Excessive purity vanadium demand has elevated following ongoing restoration from 2020 COVID-19 impacts, which was partially offset by a softening of metal demand in Q3 2022.
  • The corporate superior development of its ilmenite focus plant, together with receiving all required metallic flotation buildings and constructing of desliming, flotation, filtration, warehouse, and pipe rack buildings; It expects commissioning to be accomplished in Q2 2023.
  • Largo Clear Power (“LCE”) progressed with the supply of its Enel Inexperienced Energy España (“EGPE”) VCHARGE vanadium redox circulate battery (“VRFB”), together with the manufacturing of all high-power battery stacks required for the system; The corporate has begun transport battery stacks and electrolyte to the deployment web site in Mallorca, Spain.
  • Largo Bodily Vanadium Corp. (“LPV”) commenced buying and selling on the TSX Enterprise Trade on September 27, 2022, beneath the image “VAND” and launched a brand new web site
  • Printed inaugural Local weather Report aligned with the Taskforce on Local weather-Associated Monetary Disclosures (TCFD), offering further transparency on the corporate’s method to local weather change.

A number of Catalysts

Consultants count on vanadium to have a bullish market in 2023, and Largo plans to take full benefit of this as the corporate is extremely leveraged to extend vanadium costs. It additionally has an ilmenite plant that’s anticipated to return on-line in Q3 2023, and the corporate expects this new income stream to reach in 2024.

In a November 10, 2022, report, CIBC Fairness Analysis famous that they “view profitable execution of Largo’s capital development tasks, in addition to [the] development of the clear vitality enterprise via additional buyer updates to be potential catalysts within the 12 months forward.”

The corporate additionally plans to iron out its titanium manufacturing technique in three phases over the following six years. The official graduation of this plan is predicted in 2025. Largo believes this may give them a US$2.0 billion After-Tax NPV7% and US$4.2 billion After-Tax Lifetime of Mine Money Movement (utilizing US$8/lb vanadium value).

Final however not least, Largo’s inaugural VRFB set up for Enel Inexperienced Energy in Spain is anticipated for quarter two of 2023.

Possession and Share Construction


In response to Reuters, round 70% of the shares are tightly held. 25.21% of the shares are held with establishments. VC/PE Corporations maintain essentially the most, with 43.81%. Arias Assets Capital Administration LP has essentially the most shares at 43.81%, with 28 million shares. West Household Investments is at 8.71%, with a little bit over 5 million shares, and Grantham Mayo Van Otterloo & Co. LLC is at 7.66%, with 4.9 million. BNY Asset Administration has 1.84%, with a little bit over 1,000,000 shares, and Baker Metal Capital Managers LLP has 1.27%, with 800,000 shares.

Different notable establishments and companies embody Dolefin SA, Authorized & Common Funding Administration Ltd., Konwave AG, Go ETF Options LLP, Rezco Funding Council, Blackrock Inc. ETFS Administration, Russell Funding Administration LLC, Mid-Continent Capital LLC, and BTG Pactual Asset Administration SA.

0.67% of shares are with administration and insiders, and 30.31% are in retail. Of Administration, President, CEO, and Director, Paulo Misk has essentially the most shares at 0.19%, with 122,510.

As of September 30, 2022, the corporate has US$62.7 million within the financial institution.

Largo has a market cap of CA$478.75 million with 64 million shares excellent. It trades within the 52-week vary between CA$6.34 and CA$18.20.


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